Warming Arctic spurs battles for riches, shipping routes

By Frank Jordans


LANCASTER SOUND, Nunavut (AP) — From a distance, the northern shores of Baffin Island in the Arctic appear barren — a craggy world of snow-capped peaks and glaciers surrounded by a sea of floating ice even in the midst of summer.

Yet beneath the forbidding surface of the world's fifth largest island lies an exceptionally pure strain of iron ore, and the Baffinland mine is believed to hold enough of it to feed smelters for decades.

As climate change pushes the ice a little farther north each year, it is spurring talk of a gold rush in the remote Arctic for abundant natural resources, prized shipping routes and business opportunities in tourism and fishing. The Arctic, including the fabled Northwest Passage between the Atlantic and the Pacific, is among the last regions on earth to remain largely unexplored. In April, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order to reverse Obama-era restrictions on oil drilling.

Russian tanker sails through Arctic without icebreaker for first time

By Patrick Barkham

Climate change has thawed Arctic enough for $300m gas tanker to travel at record speed through northern sea route

A Russian tanker has travelled through the northern sea route in record speed and without an icebreaker escort for the first time, highlighting how climate change is opening up the high Arctic.

The prediction system for 'doomsday' solar flares: World's most advanced radar will take astonishingly precise measurements of space weather by 2021

  • EISCAT_3D radar is being built at three sites in northern Scandinavia
  • The radar will be used to probe the upper atmosphere and near-Earth space
  • It will be 10 times faster and 10 times more precise than current radars
  • Findings will help scientists to understand the effects of space weather storms on technology, society and the environment