By Andreas Østhagen
The number of small-scale maritime emergency incidents occurring in Arctic waters is increasing.1) Demands are made for national governments to invest in and sustain relatively expensive Arctic capacities, such as coast guard vessels, long-range helicopters, and oil-spill response units. An often-overlooked dimension, however, are the local resources already present in Arctic communities. Albeit few and far between, Arctic communities is the foundation emergency management in the north must be built on. The question is: how can we utilize these capacities better, across the Arctic region?
The Arctic is set to get drenched in the next century.
Globally, precipitation is projected to increase by 2 per cent for every degree the planet warms, but in the Arctic that figure is double. By 2091, the Arctic will see a dramatic increase in overall precipitation and most of it won’t come in the form of snow – instead it will be rain.
“It’s quite a bit, a 50 to 60 per cent increase Arctic-wide. We found that most of this increase is due to the retreat of sea ice because of the Arctic warming,” says Richard Bintanja, a climate researcher at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute who combined data from 37 climate models to predict precipitation in the Arctic between 2091 and 2100.
by Peter Buxbaum
Potential of Northern Sea Route Remains Unfulfilled
Russia is making a big move in the Arctic, building new infrastructure and promoting northern shipping routes as an alternative to the Suez Canal.
Shipping through the Arctic is being made more possible by the warming of the ocean and the retreat of sea ice made possible by climate change. Ironically, shipping from Asia to Europe and the Americas through the Arctic would save on fossil fuels, as well as time and costs.